Drone attack in India can be a substantial threat to national security in future

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Indian Air force in Jammu has tighten up its security right after drones with heavy loaded explosives dropped bombs on Jammu air force station on 27th June. It not only threatened the aviation security but also disclosed operational gaps.

Now it is expected for the drone policy to get approval by central administration as soon as possible. According to the information, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had a meeting with Defense minister Rajnath Singh and Home minister Amit Shah regarding the same. From last few years, administration is working on this policy because of the rise in drone activities.

Lt Col Manoj K Channan (Veteran) shared his outlook from an eye of a defense expert. While commenting on as to ‘what’ could be the motive behind such attack, he said, ‘Jammu IAF station is adjacent to the Satwari Cantt and is surrounded by units of the Indian army to provide it inherent ground protection. This negates any opportunity to carry out an attack from the perimeter. A drone attack is a cost-effective method to cause precision attacks and being small shape and size are not easily picked up by RADAR systems. The drones have limited range therefore its assessed that this was a demonstrative attack to show the Indian Security establishment of its vulnerabilities.’ He mentioned the ceasefire with Pakistan is holding and the ISI playing clever during such incidents. He called such attacks moral booster for terrorists that helps them to motivate their cadres.

To combat such attacks, India does not appear to be fully prepared. ‘Yes, it reflects the vulnerabilities. There are a large number of OEMs (Original equipment manufacturer) who claim full proof anti drone systems. The Indian establishment is seized of this threat since 1999, when the first drone activity was observed and it has steadily been increasing. The conventional drone being larger in size were being engaged by interceptor aircrafts/ automatic weapons using direct line of sight engagements. With smaller drones this is a challenge and needs AI based detection and destruction algorithms’, said Lt Col Manoj.

Meanwhile no confirmation publicly has been made yet by air force officials about the drone belongings but as per Lt Col Manoj, the drone was probably a P 16 drone and by the nature of its size it can only be assumed that it was launched from distance close to its intended target.

Drones are highly intelligent and equipped device that consist capability of ruining causing damage at bigger level. While addressing to what extent drones can be dangerous, Lt Col Manoj shared, ‘Drone attacks are precise and can cause extensive damage. Number of terrorists and hostile leaders have been eliminated by using facial recognition technology with negligible collateral damage. Countries like USA, Turkey, China, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Saudi refineries and the list is endless. India too demonstrated its ability to launch swarm drone attacks during the Army Day Parade on 15th of January 2021’.  

Drone sightings amid chaos of an attack few days ago led the security agencies and local administration to take serious precautions. According to the information, anti-drone system has been included to increase the security. Anti-drone systems intercept or detect unwelcomed drones or UAVs called Unmanned aerial vehicles. The technology is introduced as security measure for the Air force station along with jammers that is helpful for keeping an eye on suspected activities and locating any equipment. District administration has strictly instructed to submit any device like drones or equipment that could be under the area of doubt regarding the attack.

Central administration is now speeding up to get approval for the drone policy for the sake of security reasons. How affirmative it looks, Lt Col indicated and said, ‘The Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) is the regulatory authority which works very closely with the Ministry of Home Affairs and the end users to ensure that vulnerable areas and vulnerable points need to be protected. State governments and Union Territories have promulgated orders that prohibit flying drones without permission as a criminal offense.’ He further added, ‘The government needs to do beyond promulgated of orders by having effective drone systems in these vulnerable areas and vulnerable points, to negate any further threats’.

Jammu and Kashmir is suffering continuously from terrorism since years. The area has been under threats and attacks multiple times, causing injuries and deaths of civilians and security forces. Geographically attached borders with Pakistan is the major reason of war like situation there, each time. Ceasefire and violation of border rules from Pakistan are major instances that trigger the conflict between both the border forces. Every time Pakistan has denied the violations despite of Indian forces holding proofs. Every year due to ceasefire, several men from border forces and civilians dies, and now drones with heavy loaded explosives flying and aiming shots thousand feet above in the sky which cannot be easily track down by bare eyes is a threatening situation for the nation security.

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Shefali Ranawat is an Eat News correspondent in India. She want to be the voice of people. Also, she aim to be a war correspondent.

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Eat News is a Taiwanese digital media, analyzes current events and issues through column articles, videos, visual aid, and exclusive interviews.

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