One of the most challenging matters is to explain the new phenomena in the worlds of war, politics, and society. That is because theoretical obstacles come from the past and carry the future dimensions of them—talking with Mounir Shafik, a Palestinian politician and Arab intellectual and coordinator of the Islamic Nationalist Congress. Eat News explores the facts of this 3rd Intifhada that imposed a new balance of power in the region and the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.
Jerusalem and the occupation authority:
The clashes with the occupation forces and settlers in Jerusalem and Al-Aqsa Mosque. First confrontations in Bab al-Amud, Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood, or Al-Aqsa Mosque. And the subsequent encroachment of tens of thousands of people from the 48 districts to occupy the Al-Aqsa Mosque and confront the threat of settlers and Temple groups to store it, followed by the intervention of rockets from the Gaza Strip, a kind of street warfare erupted in the Palestinian city under occupation in 1948. Besides, the demonstrations in the West Bank and the rise of ten martyrs in one day. All this heralds the launch of a comprehensive, third intifada, whose goal may be: defeating the occupation and dismantling settlements from Jerusalem and the West Bank, without restrictions or conditions, said Mounir Shafik.
However, the second dimension that we live in now is related to explaining the phenomenon of “The Palestinian uprising,” all of Palestine. What moved it and led to it?
The answer must be read in the global, regional, Arab and Palestinian balance of power, as we will show. The outbreak of the Ramadan intifada would not have happened if there had not been a tangible change in this equation of balance that violently shook the protectors of the Zionist project, the imperialist, colonialist West, into allowing Gaza missiles to roam all over Palestine to a distance of 250 kilometers. That is what the leaders of the Zionist entity could not bear, so they went to the fourth war against Gaza, hoping to stop it and return to the rules of engagement confined to the borders of the Strip, said Mounir Shafik.
Whoever remembers how four “enclaves” ruled the Gaza Strip between 1967 and 2005 will realize any change in the balance of power now at the level of the Palestinian-Zionist military conflict! Whoever followed the last round of what happened on Palestinian land realized the shift in the balance of power, with the people fighting bare knuckles against a brutal armed army determined to defeat the occupation and dismantle the settlements, from Jerusalem and the West Bank, without any restrictions or conditions, just as happened in the Gaza Strip in 2005.
This change in the balance of power had it not been for the weakness of the Zionist entity on the military level (failure in four wars: 2006 in Lebanon, 2008/2009, 2012, and 2014 in the Gaza Strip), as well as, on the political and social level (slackness, vanity, luxury, and corruption). It would not have happened if it weren’t for changes in the global, regional, and Arab balance of power. That is on the one hand. And a detailed explanation:
- At the international level: the emergence of a multi-polar reality, especially with the emergence of the Russian and Chinese global poles (alongside America, Europe, and Japan) and regional bars (India, Turkey, Iran, and South Africa). It is made America and the West lose their near-absolute historical control over the global and regional order, especially militarily and economically, and plunged the world and the region into a state of chaos and uncertainty. Perhaps what is happening in Palestine is one of the strong evidence for that.
- The confrontation between America and the Zionist entity on the one hand, and Iran and the axis of resistance (including the Palestinians) on the other hand, has become the central point of conflict that will determine the fate of the Zionist project and the Palestinian cause for the next decades.
- Turkey emerged from the control of NATO and the West and from the semi-alliance with the Zionist entity to become a regional pole, economically, politically, and militarily, bringing about a change in the regional balance of power six decades after 1949.
- A dimension whose direct role in the Arab balance of power does not appear has represented the collapse of the Arab system and the loss of normal Arab states from their previous roles. It made these countries lose their ability to passively control the Palestinian decision and define its ceilings in the conflict. The Arab situation, in its present general weakness, allows for a new intifada in Palestine, determined by Palestine, subjective Palestinian repercussions, and solid Palestinian unity; just as he allows the Palestinian norm (harmony of the Palestinian people and Palestinian unity) to emerge from a state of latency to “chaos at the table,” saying almost unanimously, “Here I am!”
Finally, Mounir Shafik says that if the balance of all past world powers served the interests of this entity. Its army and settlers failed to empower Israel. How will Israel survive in the face of the brave people of the current intifada and fourth war, given that this new balance of power has changed and led the entity into decline?